Thermal burns

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First Aid for Burns: Understanding Types and Providing Care

Burns can come from various sources and can be particularly severe in cases such as terrorist attacks or bomb blasts. When dealing with burns, it's essential to understand the different types and how to treat them effectively.

Types of Burns

  • Blistering
  • Full-thickness burns
  • Charring

Treating Burns

  1. Cool the burn: Apply copious amounts of water for 20 minutes to prevent the burn from causing further damage. Be cautious not to over cool the entire body, which could lead to hypothermia.
  2. Avoid creams or ointments: Do not apply any substances to the burn, as this can worsen the condition.
  3. Apply a barrier: Use clean film to cover the burn, which can help with pain relief and reduce the risk of infection.
  4. Examine the area: Check for additional injuries, such as fractures or damage to the sternum, and be aware of potential inhalation injuries.
  5. Monitor breathing: Keep an eye on the person's breathing, especially if they have inhaled hot smoke or air.
  6. Call emergency services: Trust your training and keep the burn area cool until professional help arrives.

Handling burn injuries can be challenging and stressful for both the victim and the caregiver. By providing appropriate first aid care, you can mitigate the severity of the injury and help to prevent complications.